The term cerebral refers to the brain; palsy refers to the loss or impairment of motor function. Cerebral palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement and muscle coordination Cerebral palsy (CP) is caused by damage to or abnormalities inside the developing brain.
Aim of Physiotherapy
Decrease muscles tightness and spasms through stretching programs and splinting techniques
Encourage physical development through play and everyday activities
Normalisation of tone: to decrease or increase the tone of the muscle (Cryotherapy, sustained Stretch, brushing, electrical stimulation)
Weight-bearing Exercises: To promote tone in muscles (NDT Techniques)
Range of Motion exercises to improve mobility.
Balance and Coordination Exercises.
Postural Training and Gait Training.
GUILLAIN – BARRE SYNDROME
In Guillain-Barre syndrome, the
body’s immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The
syndrome can affect the nerves that control muscle movement as well as those
that transmit pain, temperature and touch sensations. This can result in muscle
weakness and loss of sensation in the legs and/or arms.
It is a rare condition, and while it is more common in adults and in males, people of all ages can be affected.
infection with campylobacter, a type of bacteria often found in undercooked
Hepatitis A, B, C
HIV, the virus that
Rarely, influenza vaccinations or childhood vaccinations
physiotherapy management are:
Retrain the normal movement patterns.
Improve patients posture.
Improve the balance and coordination
Maintain clear airways
Prevent lung infection
Support joint in functional position to minimise damage or deformity
Prevention of pressure sores
Maintain peripheral circulation
Provide psychological support for the patient and relatives.
Respiratory Care: Physical therapy measures (chest percussion, breathing exercises, resistive inspiratory training) are used to clear respiratory secretions to reduce the work of breathing. Special weaning protocol in tracheostomy patients is suggested to prevent over fatigue of respiratory muscles.
Maintain Range of Motion and Prevent DVT : Gentle passive movements through full ROM at least three times a day especially at hip, shoulder, wrist, ankle, feet.
Use of light splints.Support the peripheral joints in comfortable and functional position during flaccid paralysis.
To prevent abnormal movements.
To stabilise patients using sandbags, pillows.
Prevention of Pressure Sores : 2- hourly change in patients position from supine to side lying. If the sores have developed then UVR or ice cube massage to enhance healing.
Maintenance of Circulation:
Effleurage massage to lower limbs.
Relief of Pain:
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
Massage with passive ROM
Patient can demonstrate increased sensitivity to light touch, a cradle can be used to keep the bed sheet away from the skin. Low-pressure wrapping or snug fitting garments can provide a way to avoid light touch.
Reassurance and explanation of what to expect can help in alleviation of anxiety that could compound the pain.
Loosening tense, tight muscles and encouraging relaxation
Increasing the metabolic rate and digestion activity
Hydrating the cells, improving skin and muscle tone
Boosting the immune system, allowing it to function more efficiently
Contact us today to
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