Total hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which there is a replacement of the ball of the thigh bone and the socket in which it fits in with prosthetic substitutes.
It is done for the management of hip fractures, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, arthritis, avascular necrosis, etc.
Once, the surgery is done then comes the role of a physiotherapist who helps the patient to get back to there activities of daily living and improve quality of life.
Physiotherapy plays an important role in the rehabilitation of patient not only postoperatively but also preoperatively.
Preoperatively, physiotherapy provides an improvement in pain and disability and also improves function, knowledge and psycho-social aspects.
Most importantly it decreases anxiety level and helps in establishing a relationship of trust between physiotherapist and patient.
Postoperatively, it focuses on patient education, pain reduction, increase strength, gait training, balance, improving mobility, improving cardiovascular endurance, etc.
It helps in the prevention of complications such as subluxation of joint, thromboembolic disease, leg length difference, etc.
Physiotherapy starts with early weight-bearing exercises and physical activity which have benefits for the quality of bone tissue as it improves fixation of the prosthesis and decreases the incidence of early loosening.
Physiotherapy maximizes the patient’s function, promotes rehabilitation and reintegration of patients into ADLs.
It also provides a better quality of life through the patient’s reintegration into social life.
-Naitik Vora (P.T)