Low back pain is a commonly seen condition at some stage during our lives. The most common cause of low back pain is poor posture, loss of mobility, long sitting or standing hours at work. This low back pain is also called as mechanical low back pain and is not a very disabling condition if addressed properly.
Poor posture is generally due to muscle imbalance or due to weakness of the muscles. When the core muscles are weak, it becomes difficult to maintain the spine in a neutral alignment. This leads to the soft tissues around the spine to get overloaded and can thus give rise to back pain. If this overload of muscles is not addressed, the pain and stiffness of the joints set in.
Muscles like hamstrings and quadriceps can become tight due to inactivity or sitting for prolonged periods of time or driving for a long time and can lead to pulling the pelvis out of a neutral alignment leading to low back pain.
Symptoms of low back pain:
Physiotherapy treatment for low back pain includes various techniques ranging from manual therapy treatment, electrotherapeutic modalities, kinesiotaping, dry needling and of course strengthening and stretching of the muscles involved.
All the physiotherapy techniques aid in providing relief of pain and improving posture and strength of the muscles, thus improving the functioning of the patient.
1) Posture correction
3) Stabilization exercises
4) Strengthening and stretching exercises
5) Recent techniques